Essentially, the reallocated sector—also known as bad sector or bad block—is an area on the disk that is no longer safe to store data. The reserved area is set aside by the disk for normal operation of the drive and to prevent immediate data loss due to bad sectors.
As the reallocation sector count increases, the ability of disk to remap or reallocate data from bad sectors decreases. This also affects the drive performance. The sign is an indicator that the drive is no longer safe for data storage. And if you continue to use the drive for data storage, the data may get corrupt and the drive may turn inaccessible or even fail, which can lead to permanent data loss.
A drive with a significant number of bad sectors or reallocated sector counts can also cause drive corruption. A bad sector may damage file system information or chunk of data that contains file system information.
Such disks usually turn RAW and become inaccessible. However, data can be retrieved from such disks with the help of a data recovery tool that supports corrupt drive recovery. The bad sectors are a result of logical damage creates soft bad sectors and physical damage builds hard bad sectors to the drive during its normal use. Similarly, a sudden fall or mishandling cause hard bad sectors on the drive as the actuator arm strikes against the platter.
While bad sectors are beyond fixyou may try to fix the corruption and retrieve the data from such drive by using command prompt and data recovery software. You can continue using the drive as long as it runs but at your own risk. Below are the steps that you can follow to safely migrate or recover data using the software:. Backup Data. If the drive is recognized and accessible, copy the critical files to a new healthy external or internal hard drive.
Alternatively, you can also clone the failing drive with a new one. Cloning the drive spares you the trouble of reinstalling Windows and restoring the backup files.
It only takes a minute to sign up. Wikipedia article suggests that the drive can still be used for less sensitive purposes like scratch storage outside of an array if remapped sectors are left unused.
In order to create such a partition it is necessary to fetch the list of remapped sectors. However there are no badblocks visible to the operating system. Edit: This drive is from an array. We get a few of them failing every year and just throwing them away seems to be a waste.
I am thinking of giving a second chance to the better parts of the platters. I'd like to thank you for the advice and share some of the details that I've got from experiments.
In short, there is no easy way to get the list of reallocated sectors and even statistical methods of mapping the disk are heavily encumbered by the need to play against the logic of the firmware. To test the drive I ran badblocks -wv with the default blocksize and monitored the reallocated sector count in the process.
I made several observations.
How to Fix: Reallocated Sector Count Warning
I observed that there was a sharp rise in the number of reallocated sectors when writing to the beginning of the disk. Then from the first 10G to G there was no change. This can be explained by the fact that certain RAID houskeeping data was stored at the beginning of the disk, therefore the wear in the small addresses area was higher than in the rest of the disk.
Then after a single error the disk turned itself into a blocked mode. Even though the value of reallocated sectors was still positive. To explain this behaviour as David Schwartz suggested, I assumed that reserved sectors are somehow distributed over the address space of the drive. This means that the drive might have reserved sectors, yet a part of it may run out of sectors to remap.
In this situation the firmware just blocks the drive. The drive returns out of the blocked mode only after powercycling the drive.
When the old drives let the software keep track of bad blocks and avoid using them, modern drives do not give this opportunity. When the firmware thinks it cannot cope with the errors, it makes the drive unusable. By running the value of reallocated sectors down to 02 I conclude that there are reserved sectors on this drive. So-called low level formatting, or writing zeros to every accessible sector of the drive to reallocate the sectors from less reliable parts of the disk would not work because when the drive runs out of reserved sectors it changes the way it handles errors in a way that makes it much less convenient to use than a traditional drive that does not do any predictive failure analysis and simply reports an error.
If you have business data that is worth less than the cost of the drive then use them for that, if not then throw them away or give them to people from the department who understand the risks. Contact the manufacturer and see if they offer recycling. If the drive is still under warranty, you can return it to the manufacturer via their RMA process for a free replacement, after sanitizing it first.
Reallocated sectors, pending sectors and event count. Dealing with bad sectors.
It only takes a minute to sign up. So I recently tried Ubuntu as I heard good things about it. This is what happens:. After installing, I get error message after error message saying "Sorry, Ubuntu It appears the Reallocated Sector Count is at normalized, with the worst beingand the threshold being It is the only mark that is in the failing state, everything else is OK.
So because of this, the Overall Assessment: Disk is likely to fail soon. Now I do have an above-average computer knowledge, but no where near the smarts of developers. I do however have more of a technology design type knowledge.
Regardless of what it may be, does anybody know of a fix to this error? I am aware that a lot of people say the disc is done for, and I understand that.
However I am looking for a 'potential' fix that maybe hasn't been done, aka soldering a new wire or cable, linking two parts together, etc. A bad sector is a small part of your disk's storage e. It is most likely a tiny defect on the surface of the magnetic platters, which can be caused by high wear or minimal and inevitable inaccuracies in the manufacturing process. The firmware of modern disks will automatically try to remap sectors it identified as bad when it is instructed to write anything there the next time, which means one of the additional spare sectors the disk has will be used instead of it from now on.
After a successful reallocation, the OS will not notice any changes and be able to continue the drive as usual. This requires that enough unallocated spare sectors are left though.
However, although each disk has some bad sectors from the very beginning since its production, if their number increases significantly, this is a critical sign that the disk will most likely fail soon. It's not a guarantee - disks with many bad blocks can possibly survive years, but disks can also fail without showing any bad sectors before - but a strong indicator that you should back up your data and replace the disk as soon as possible.
If you like living on the edge, keep using it make frequent backups though. Maybe it will last for another while. You should closely observe the bad sector count of the disk though. In case it stays pretty constant from now on, you might be lucky, but if it keeps increasing or if it makes significant jumps, it's really time to replace it.
Oh, and don't even think of opening the disk up and trying to fix any hardware in there by hand. First, it's not an issue of any electro-mechanical parts but most likely a surface defect which can not be repaired. The tracks on a modern HDD have a width in the range of nanometers. Also, the distance between the actuator head and the spinning platters is only generated by the air pressure caused by the rotation and is smaller than the diameter of a grain of dust.
If you just open the casing and let any particles in, chances are high they will cause a head crash and destroy even more surface areas. So in short, don't open it except for wiping its data before throwing it away.
If this is not a SSD, you can try to badblock the disk. Understand that an increasing count of bad blocks on a disk may indicate a failing drive. Ubuntu Community Ask!I recently brought down my first FreeNAS box to replace a disk it was reporting as bad.
I mean, why not check and see how they're doing? Especially now that I have a spare machine with internal SATA bays, so a full surface scan takes 6hrs rather than 25hrs like it did with the USB2 dock.
Exactlyall 4 of them. Now, 3 totally failed the diagnostics for an unrelated reason, but for the 1 that didn't, the WD Diagnostic tool seems perfectly happy with that sector count; it reports that the drive passes all tests. Should I RMA the drive anyway, or is it, in all likelihood, just fine? Since this box is just a backup for another which is itself running in RAID-Z, so single-disk redundancyI'm not too worried about having to take it down later for another drive failure.
I believe it's quite important as an indicator of bad sectors and a dying drive, but I don't think that number means what you think it means nor what the name implies.
I don't know exactly what they mean either, someone with more S. However, my home server has 2 drives, one brand new after finding out my 2 older, smaller drives both had bad sectors. Reallocated sector value is for one, for the other, each matching their "worst" value different manufacturers seem to have different values from what I read.
There is also a "threshold" value that's 36 andrespectively. Both are characterized by the S. So I'm guessing you're probably also fine, at least as far as reallocated sector count goes. Sadly, few people know how to interpret the SMART data, and programs that try to interpret for the user do a poor job at it. For example, a raw value of 0 reallocated sectors might be the equivalent of a normalized value.
So if the normalized value is and the threshold value isthat would be perfect, while the normalized value being 98 and the threshold being would mean that attribute signals a FAILURE. My advice: do not look at the normalized values at all. Only look at the RAW values! This can be either weak electric charge with insufficient ECC correction ability -OR- it can be physical damage. Writing to this sector will solve the problem; if there was physical damage it will be realloacted by a reserve sector and the Reallocated Sector Count raw value will increase.
Technically this means the receiving end did receive a corrupted version of the data that was sent by the transmitter; the corruption was detected by CRC which means the data is NOT accepted and the request will be sent again.
Unless you see very high values or it keeps increasing steadily, this usually is not a big issue. Good info sub. I've often wondered, but not enough to do the research myself. Having said that, how do I determine the RAW value? The WD Diagnostic tool gives me three numbers: Value currentThreshold below this means a sick driveand Worst which is almost always the same as Value. Do I need another tool to get the RAW value? Follow guidelines for your specific tool.
In this case if it's above threshold then it should be above threshold. I wouldn't worry too much about the RAW values in this case, you're more worried if the numbers change between checks. You generally should not be seeing changes in reallocated or current pending sector counts on a healthy drive, at least not very often! Generally any number of remapped sectors is okay, as long as the number stays the same. I've seen drives with a varying number of remapped sectors from the factory, but they all stayed at that number, as soon as they started climbing the drive was within a month of it's death.Menu Menu.
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X Donate Contact us. New posts Trending Search forums. What's new. New posts New profile posts Latest activity. Current visitors New profile posts Search profile posts Billboard Trophies. Question of the Week: What are some tricks to getting the best performance out of our home computers? Thread starter JellyTime Start date Jan 29, Sidebar Sidebar.
Jul 30, 6, 2 35, 2, Hi there JellyTime, Unfortunately, this can't be fixed. These were bad sectors that were reallocated. Bad sectors would continue to appear until the drive fails. My suggestion would be to not keep important data stored on the drive. In case it is under warranty, you can just RMA it.
In case it is not, I guess you will need to get another one for your OS. You can use this one for storing only non important data.If this list made you panic, I apologize. Depending on your specific situation, things may not be that bad. Each sector is quite small, holding just B bytes of data. When your hard drive encounters an error while reading, writing or verifying data it marks the sector as reallocated and then moves the data to a reserved area on the disk spare sectors that it sets aside.Видео #4. Восстановление битых секторов
Essentially your hard drive has noticed a problem with a part of the disk and rather than saving your data there with a risk of it getting corrupted, it moves the data to a safe part of the disk and continues on with what it was doing.
Even though sectors are quite small, if you were to lose a sector that contained part of a bigger file like a photo, video or word document — you may no longer be able to open those files because a chunk of them is missing.
A reallocated sector count above zero does not immediately tell us whether or not the hard drive is doing to fail, but it can be an early warning sign. If your drive has 1, 2 or even a couple dozen bad sectors it may go on to live many more years and work fine.
The warning sign that can tell us if a drive is failing is how quickly your reallocated sector count grows. T monitoring tool, and after a few weeks your count is still at 2. It really depends on how valuable your data is to you. But If your data is important to you and this is the hard drive in your primary computer, I would suggest replacing it. My data is extremely valuable to me, so if I see any reallocated sectors pop up I immediately start making an additional local copy of the data and order myself a brand new drive.
All hard drives will eventually fail, but S. Hard drives can fail in many ways: the motor can fail, the head can scratch the disk or there may be a manufacturing defect that results in a bunch of bad sectors.
Once a sector has been reallocated the hard drive will no longer use it and will continue operation without storing data on that part of the disk. There is no software or hardware fix to lower your reallocated sector count.
Sectors are microscopic and there are a million ways for them to go bad, opening a hard drive outside of a clean room without professional experience in data recovery is only going to create more problems. Only after you backup your data and purchase a new drive can you crack it open and turn the platters into some sweet drink coasters. If your drive is still under warranty you can initiate an RMA warranty return process with the manufacturer.
RMA drives can sometimes be brand new, but most of the time the hard drive maker is going to send you a refurbished drive that has passed their testing process.
Here are the links to check your warranty with the biggest hard drive manufacturers:.
I posted this question on another forum and the general consensus of the responders was to back up immediately and get rid of the drive. The drive is fairly new and only has hours on it. I just learned about this utility a few weeks ago, so I don't know when the reallocation of these sectors may have occurred, but it hasn't changed. Just yesterday, I noticed it's up to It's under warranty and is going back to the manufacturer for replacement.
In my experience it's a toss-up. I've had one drive that had some reallocated sectors and a nasty whine that ended up outlasting some drives that gave no warnings before dying a miserable death. I actually chucked it because it was so noisy, rather than data loss. However, for me, personally, at the first sign of problems in a drive, I backup then swap it off.
Drives are cheap, online backups are cheap and if you're anything like me, your time is better spent elsewhere than trying to recover a drive. Rather than just ditching the drive, you might want to just keep an eye on it first, to see if the reallocated sector count increases. If that count continues to increase, the drive is finding and mapping out more and more bad sectors.
I guess it depends on what this drive is doing - is it "mission-critical" or on a server?
If so, I would be more nervous than if it's in a home PC not doing a whole lot as long as you make regular backups of the data, which of course you should do anyways. Edit: I just downloaded and ran CrystalDiskInfo on my harddrive here at work an always-on PC, as we're a hour operationand it's logged power on hours and has reallocated sectors.
Count of reallocated sectors.